Note that the Paris result consists of a decision text and a basic agreement. The essential difference lies in the fact that the agreement is legally binding and ratified by national governments, which is why the language must be permanent, while the decision text, which complements many articles of the treaty and numerous mandates for the development of rules, can be replaced by subsequent decisions. In this article, when a paragraph is referred to, it is in the text of the decision and in the reference to an article in the basic agreement. Although the basic agreement does not refer to rights or land ownership, the language of the preamble describes the interpretation of the implementation of the articles of the agreement. Therefore, the accounting guidelines for efforts defined at the national level by the parties (to be developed in paragraph 31) must ensure that measures taken to combat climate change do not compromise the integrity of the ecosystem, food security, human rights and the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities. «When you create near the edge of forests, there is the problem of increasing human access to grazing animals and arable land fires that invade forests, resulting in increased degradation and deforestation,» Evans said. «But even more than that, by creating the edge, the cooler, darker and damp undergrowth ecosystem is replaced by a warmer, drier environment, which results in a decrease in carbon reserves as large, dense trees are replaced by smaller, less dense trees.» One of the most important provisions of the Paris Agreement is that signatory states must meet every five years to strengthen their climate action. The inclusion of REDD encourages countries to consider forest conservation and management as a key part of their progress. The increasing availability of data and technologies will strengthen new climate obligations by allowing countries to measure progress between meetings and by setting strategic and scientific forest protection goals for continued investment. Tools such as GFW Climate can help by rounding up the best information available in one place. But what does that mean? Since forests and other vegetation are stripped, and because this terrestrial carbon reservoir is depleted by deforestation and deforestation, the goal is that increased sequestration can eliminate emissions from the atmosphere. «Because indigenous communities have a forest culture, a religious element in their fight against deforestation, they are perhaps the most committed advocates against land grabbing and environmental degradation,» Nobre concluded. «It is very important to help indigenous communities slow or stop deforestation in the Amazon.» That is why Mr Nobre welcomed international pressure from consumers and the European Union, which have threatened to boycott Brazilian agricultural products if deforestation in the Amazon is not adequately tackled.