There are regulations that are set out in collective agreements that are not regulated in the act. These topics are, for example, travel expenses, vacation pay, additional days of leave (called «pekkasvapaat») or sickness or maternity benefits. Procedures for the defence of workers` rights are also provided for in collective agreements. It is the union`s responsibility to uphold workers` rights by filing a complaint and, if necessary, following up on the matter prior to arbitration. As a general rule, workers must be represented by trade unions in order to exercise their rights if a complaint is rejected by their immediate superior. The exact process for filing a complaint and even arbitration varies by collective agreement. For more information on complaints and arbitration, see The Grievance and Arbitration Process. More information on collective agreements can be found on the Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development website. For federal business, we refer to the Canadian government`s website on collective bargaining in the public sector. A collective agreement, collective agreement (CLA) or collective agreement (CLA) is a written contract that is negotiated through collective bargaining for employees by one or more unions with the management of a company (or employers` association) and regulates the working conditions of employees. This includes the regulation of employee salaries, benefits and obligations, as well as the duties and responsibilities of the employer or employers, and often includes rules for a dispute resolution procedure. Collective agreements are usually valid for a period of two years, sometimes three years and sometimes for one. Before the agreement expires, the union and the employer will begin negotiations for an extension agreement.
Read also: A collective agreement means significant benefits In Finland, collective agreements are universally applicable. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a universally applicable legal minimum for the employment contract of each individual, whether a member of a union or not. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. .