As soon as the agreement was signed, The Pakistani Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, began never denigrating his intention to make Pakistan a nuclear power, to denigrate India. Indira Gandhi should have taken note. In April 1973, in Foreign Affairs magazine, Bhutto dishonestly wrote that «Pakistan had been the victim of brazen aggression: its eastern part was occupied by Indian troops. It is this fact that has made it difficult for our people to reconcile in the face of the fait accompli, especially since the invasion was not an isolated phenomenon. On the contrary, it was only the culmination of a long series of hostile and aggressive actions by India against Pakistan since the creation of these two sovereign and independent states. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  The main mission took place at Dhaka National Stadium, where Lieutenant-General AAK Niazi, commander of the Eastern Theatre of the Pakistani Army, signed an unconditional surrender instrument in the presence of Lieutenant-General Jagjit Singh Arora, commander of the Eastern Indian Army Army. While heads of state and government await a response from Prime Minister Modi, the dispute has certainly moved the debate on kashmir`s geopolitics and litigation in the international world. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date.
The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other.